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Severe vitamin D deficiency in patients admitted to the emergency department with severe sepsis is associated with an increased 90-day mortality

Emergency Medicine Journal
Year of publication
Background The role of vitamin D in the response to infection has been increasingly acknowledged. However, the influence of severe vitamin D deficiency on the outcome of patients admitted for severe sepsis is unknown. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the association between severe vitamin D deficiency and sepsis-related outcomes in patients presenting to the ED. Methods This single centre prospective study included patients presenting to the ED with severe sepsis from April 2014 until December 2017. 25-Hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured in a blood sample drawn within 24 hours of admission to the ED, and severe vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25(OH)D <12 ng/mL. 90-day mortality was compared between patients with and without severe vitamin D deficiency by a multivariable analysis adjusting for confounders and according to a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.Results263 patients were initially screened and 164 patients with severe sepsis were included in this study, 18% of whom had septic shock. Severe vitamin D deficiency was present in 46% of patients. The overall 90-day mortality rate was 26.2% and the median length of stay was 14 days. In a logistic regression accounting for sepsis severity and age-adjusted comorbidities, severe vitamin D deficiency was associated with increased mortality (OR=2.69 (95% CI 1.03 to 7.00), p=0.043), and lower chances of hospital discharge (sub-HR=0.66 (95% CI 0.44 to 0.98)). In the subgroup of patients admitted to the intensive care unit, severe vitamin D deficiency was associated with an increased 28-day adjusted mortality (HR=3.06 (95% CI 1.05 to 8.94), p=0.04) and lower chances of discharge (sub-HR=0.51 (95% CI 0.32 to 0.81)). Conclusions Severe vitamin D deficiency at ED admission is associated with higher mortality and longer hospital stay in patients with severe sepsis.
Date added
Created by
Michelle Bendall
Published by
Current Awareness Service for Health